Imam reiterates Canadian online syllabus view on Music in Islam

a0dfed0ddce199402c1ae44538497ba409bd4ba8

ICNA (Islamic Circle of North America) Canada is an Islamic nationalwide organization striving “to build an Exemplary Canadian Muslim Community” by “total submission to Him [Allah] and through the propagation of true and universal message of Islam.”

Located at 391 Burnhamthorpe Rd., East, Oakville, Ontario, ICNA Canada emphasizes that “the propagation of true and universal message of Islam is only possible in Canada when whole Canadian Muslim Community transformed into a Dawah community by practicing and propagating the true Islamic Way of Life. With the vision of building an exemplary Canadian Muslim community it is very important to spread the word of Islam…”

Dr. Iqbal Massod Al-Nadvi is the Amir (President) of Islamic Circle of North America (ICNA) Canada andis also serving as Chairperson of Canadian Council of Imams. he also served as Director of Al-Falah Islamic School in Oakville, Ontario from 2004 to 2011, prior to which he served as Imam of Muslim Association of Calgary Islamic Center from 1998-2004 and as a member of the University of Calgary chaplaincy team.

On its official website ICNA Canada shares with its members, followers and supporters the book “Riyad us Saliheen” (“The Gardens of the Righteous” رياض الصالحين) compiled by Imam Zakaruya Yahya Bin Sharaf An-Nawawi, a Sunni Shafi’ite jurist and hadith scholar who lived in 13th century.

The Gardens of the Righteous (Arabic: Riyadh as-Salihin), is a compilation of verses from the Qur’an and hadith by Al-Nawawi. It contains a total of 1905 hadith divided across 372 chapters, many of which are introduced by verses of the Quran.

The book “Riyad us Saliheen” (“The Gardens of the Righteous”) which appears on ICNA Canada site adds modern commentary to the verses from the Qur’an and hadith.

The following are excerpts from the book which deal with songs, music and jesters who are brought to amuse people.

“[Hadith]: 772. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “None of you should drink standing; and if any one forgets, he must vomit.”

[Muslim].

Commentary: In the preceding Ahadith, we are told that one can drink water even in a standing position, it is better to eat or drink while seated in order to be on the safe side. Otherwise, the truth of the matter is that one should be cautious enough to eat or drink seated. Doubtless, it is an approved practice. Nowadays, people have made it a habit to eat food at feasts in a standing posture. They argue it is convenient because the whole of the gathering is dealt out at the same time. Yet, they fail to keep in their view the overwhelming disadvantages of this convenience. First, it involves the emulation of western example without any benefit. Second, the Prophet (PBUH) has forbidden it. Third, the indiscipline it spawns hardly befits the social behaviour of a dignified and civilized nation. Fourth, a long wait, tedious and boring normally features feasts and wedding parties. Fifth, in order to make it agreeable and to do away with the boredom of participants, either film songs or musical notes are played on record-players, or jesters and buffoons are brought in to amuse and entertain them. This is all satanic work, forbidden and unlawful, having no place in Islam.”

This is not only taught with this online syllabus, it is also taught by Canadian Imams.

Music is the recitation of the devil,” warns Toronto Imam

Shaykh Said Rageah (الشيخ سعيد راجح) was born in Somalia and in the late 80sn moved to North America. Rageah has a Bachelor’s in Islamic studies and a Masters in Shari’ah and he has had several posts over the years, including: founder of Masjid Huda in Montreal and Masjid Aya in Maryland, advisor for Muslim Youth magazine, and member in the Aqsa Association.

He is also the founder of both Muslim Magazine and Al Aqsa Association, and served as the Chaplain at both the University of Calgary and the Southern Alberta Institute of Technology (SAIT). He served as anImam at the Abu Hurairah Mosque in Toronto, the Chairman for the Journey of Faith Conference and as an instructor for the AlMaghrib Institute.

In one of his lectures few years ago at Abu Huraira Centre Rageah explained the Islamic Law regarding the issue of playing and listening to music:

“[Reading a question submitted to him by a woman] She says should the parents have let their children listen to music of any type and is music in general haram [prohibited]?

“Music, there is a difference between singing and music. Music in general is haram [prohibited]. Music, all kind of music, that you use the instruments, you know, piano, guitar, bass, all of this is haram, haram, haram [prohibited].

“However, there is a nasheed [liturgical hymn], Islamic nasheed that is permissible. So, a person can listen to Islamic nasheed, but the children should not listen to music and I tell you especially these young children.

When you play music in your house in reality you are inviting shaytan [devil] to your house, you’re inviting jinn [demon] to your house and that’s why you see especially [when] we treat that people who have jinn [demon], so every time you go back you would find that this person is committing a sin (معصية) and one common thing that most of the people are committing is the sin (معصية) of listening to music. When you play music all the shayateen [devils] are welcome to your house.

“It is like someone calling Allah Akbar [Allah is the Greatest], Allah Akbar and you see all the Muslims coming to the masjid [mosque], because they heard the adhan [Islamic call to prayer], likewise when you play music in your house all the shayteen [devils] around that area will come on to listen to the music, because music is the recitation of the shaytan [devil].

“Therefore it is not permitted. But, some brothers and sisters are very smart. If the music is a Western music [it] is haram [prohibited], if it’s Arabic music [it] is halal [permissible].

“I swear by Allah [والله]. And some of them say: Oh, no. this is Somali music… [A sentence in Somali language] we know this lady; you know her music is not haram [prohibited]. Simple because they know that person her music is not haram [prohibited]. That is not a reason. All the music is haram [prohibited].”

The birth of Islamic terrorism (ISIS)

It is commonly thought that terrorism carried out in the name of Islam does not come from the true teachings of Islam.

In Canada, the petition against Islamophobia sponsored by liberal MP Frank Baylis, E-411, which produced the resultant motion introduced by liberal MP Iqra Khalid, M-103, states that “These violent individuals do not reflect in any way the values or the teachings of the religion of Islam. In fact, they misrepresent the religion. We categorically reject all their activities. They in no way represent the religion, the beliefs and the desire of Muslims to co-exist in peace with all peoples of the world.”

History of Islamic violence and conquest is well documented. Many argue that this was defensive warfare, and had nothing to do with the doctrine of Islam. The Quran, Hadith and Sunnah are all very clear in their proclamation of the dominance of Islam, and the fight to attain or retain that dominance.

This dominance is not just Muslim against non Muslim, but one Islamic sect against another.

We see this in the battle of Karbala.  This battle took place in October of 680 AD after the death of Mohammad. A small group of supporters and relatives of Mohammad’s grandson Husayn (Hussain) ibn Ali fought against a larger military detachment from the forces of  Yazid (Yazeed) I, the Umayyad caliph. One group of Muslims (Sunni) believe that all the companions of Prophet were rightly guided, so they are equal in leadership of Muslims after the Prophet. The other group (Shia) has the belief that only the household of the Prophet  including Imam Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī should be followed in explanation of Islam and leadership. The result of this battle (jihad) was the death of Mohammads grandson Husayn ibn Ali at the hands of Yazid I and his followers. Shia Muslims all over the world remember the death of Husayn with the Islamic holy day called Ashura or ‘Day of Remembrance’. Some Shiite communities promote hemic flagellation rituals as a way of preserving the memory of the revolution of Imam al-Husayn. Read full battle details here.

Ashura (1)
Ashura ceremony in Toronto

 

Many apologists will argue that this was a violent time in history, and not just in the Islamic world. This is true indeed, but what is concerning to us is the perpetuation of this violence in the Islamic world, and not just by ‘violent individuals’.

A senior Ontario Shiite activist posted on his facebook page the following:

“You think ISIS terrorism is recent, it’s because you are unaware about Hussain. Almost 1400 years ago Hussain was fighting ISIS ideology against Yazeed’s terrorism.”

The lie that we are being fed by politicians that ISIS terror has nothing to do with Islam is just that, a lie.  As we see above, Muslim scholars and activists acknowledge that it has everything to do with Islam. It is admitted that terrorism is deeply rooted in early Islam. This refutes the E-411 and M-103 premise that Islam has nothing to do with terrorism.

 

Credit: Dr. Rachel Ehrenfeld, ACD

How do ‘pro Palestine’ activists excuse hate speech by Muslim clerics?

Shafiq-Hudda-Asad-Jafri-at-2014-Al-Quds-Day-rally-in-Toronto.-Photo-screenshot-darstv-YouTube-Channel
Shafiq Hudda and Asad Jafri at 2014 Al-Quds Day rally in Toronto. Photo: screenshot darstv YouTube Channel

We have spent some time writing about and investigating the events surrounding the Al Quds Day in Toronto on June 9.

This event has created controversy for many years, and concerns have been brought forward, not only with the speeches that were given, but also the attitude and signage of the participants.

Counter protesters recall small children walking past them, chanting ‘death to Israel’, while drawing their fingers across their throats.

This past June ninth rally was no different. When is hate speech considered hate speech? When are threatening gestures considered threatening?

During International Al Quds Day  held July 26, 2014 in Toronto , Shiite imam Asad Jafri delivered a speech in front of the American Consulate. The following are excerpts from Jafri’s speech:

“Al Quds rally in Toronto: “Your days are numbered” ; “Time of death is eminent” Credit: Dr Rachel Ehrenfeld, ACD

… first of all to the Zionist regime, we tell you very openly that your days are numbered… that we will see that day when you will be destroyed and until there is breath in our lungs and life in ourselves we will continue to chant ‘long live Palestine’. And we will not stop until that day, we will not stop until that day that we ourselves hammered the last nail in the coffin of Zionism. And your tombstone Zionism it will say that here lies Zionism, the establisher of injustice, the establisher of apartheid and the time of death is imminent, God willing. Our second group are the Palestinian people. Your resistance, your courage, your patience your perseverance, your sacrifice, is heard all over the world on this day of Al-Quds Day. We stand besides you. We stand in front of you. We stand behind you… You will see the destruction of Israel very soon. They are desperate, they are weak, they are losing their power…

Was Sheikh Shafiq Hudda’s Al Quds day speech Antisemitic?

screen_shot_2018-06-10_at_1-58-29_pm (1)

The subject of Sheikh Shafiq Hadda’s speech at the Al Quds Day rally at Queens Park, Toronto has created quite a stir. Several organizations called him out, accusing him of hate speech.

The Sheikh, in turn, filed a libel notice against these organizations.

Below, you will see the transcript of the Skeikh’s speech as interpreted by several different organizations. Is such a statement(s) hate speech, or a legitimate opinion protected by free speech?

What did Sheikh Shafiq Hadda say in his speech at Al Quds Day rally?” credit: Dr. Rachel Ehrenfeld, ACD 

“Sheikh Shafiq Hudda’s speech at Al-Quds Day rally in Toronto on June 9, 2018 made headlines in Canada over a highly controversial line.

According to Bnai Brith Canada, Sheikh Shafiq Hudda called for the “eradication” of Israelis.

The Centre for Israel and Jewish Affairs (CIJA) transcribed Sheikh Shafiq Hudda’s statement as follows: “A day will come when we will see justice through out the world the eradication of the unjust powers such as the American empire, such as the Israelis and the Zionists.”

MEMRI (The Middle East Media Research Institute) transcribed Sheikh Shafiq Hudda’s statement as follows: “We pray to the creator and to the almighty, a day will come when we see justice throughout the world. The eradication of the unjust powers such as the American empire, such as the Israeli Zionists.”

Sheikh Shafiq Hudda’s lawyer published the official version of his statement at al-Quds Day rally: “We pray to the creator and to the almighty, a day will come when we see justice throughout the world. The eradication of the unjust powers such as the American empire, such as the Israeli Zionists.”

ACD transcribed Sheikh Shafiq Hudda’s statement as follows: “We pray to the creator and to the almighty, a day will come when we see justice throughout the world. The eradication of the unjust powers such as the American empire, such as the Israelis and Zionist[s].”

At the beginning of his speech Sheikh Shafiq Hudda said the following: “Why, you’re saying that it’s anti-Semitism? It’s anti-Judaism? Then I would say why are my Jewish brothers and sisters here today and every year? It’s not a matter of Semitism or anti-Semitism, it’s a matter that the government of Israel, the state of Israel has committed acts that no other country and no other nation, no other entity has committed. Against innocents, against children, against the vulnerable, against the elderly. You will see them, everywhere around you. Those who are the most vulnerable get attacked by the Zionist.”

 

 

Islamic World Vs Jews and Christians as laid out by ICNA Canada

72d1eba815609bbf2fd7c32dc1a6d5a44a01b4c8
Arif Jahangiri the Secretary General of ICNA – Canada (left) with Bonnie Crombie Mayor Mississauga. Photo: screenshot Facebook
The age-old battle of the Islamic world against the Jews and Christians is rooted in Islamic scripture. This is brought forward in the book, “The Gardens of the Righteous”(Arabic: Riyadh as-Salihin).

This book, which advocates the killing of Jews, is not something you would  expect to be encouraged by a Canadian website. However, we find this book on the Islamic Circle of North America (ICNA) Canada website. It is no wonder we continue to battle with virulent  Antisemitism in Canada, as we have seen by the recent shameful display in Toronto at the annual Al Quds Day, June 9.

The Gardens of the Righteous was  compiled by Imam Zakaruya Yahya Bin Sharaf An-Nawawi, a Sunni Shafi’ite jurist and hadith scholar who lived in 13th century.

It is a compilation of verses from the Qur’an and hadith. It contains a total of 1905 hadith divided across 372 chapters, many of which are introduced by verses of the Quran and  adds modern commentary to the verses from the Qur’an and hadith.

The following are excerpts from the book:

[Hadith] 824. Ash-Sharid bin Suwaid (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) passed by me when I was sitting with my left hand behind my back and leaning on my palm. On seeing me in this posture he said, “Do you sit like those upon whom the Wrath of Allah has descended?” [Abu Dawud].”

CommentaryThe Jews and Christians are the people upon whom came the Wrath of Allah. Muslims have been stopped from copying their example. But unfortunately they now take a pride in imitating them in every matter and think it necessary for worldly progress.”

[Hadith] 866. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Do not greet the Jews and the Christians before they greet you; and when you meet any one of them on the road, force him to go to the narrowest part of it.” [Muslim].”

CommentaryThis Hadith prohibits Muslims from greeting non-Muslims first. It also tells us that when the road is crowded, we should use the middle of the road and let the non-Muslims use its sides.This Hadith shows the dignity of Muslims and the disgrace and humiliation of the non-Muslims.”

[Hadith] 868. Usamah bin Zaid (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) passed by a mixed company of people which included Muslims, polytheists and Jews, and he gave them the greeting (i.e., saying As-Salamu `Alaikum). [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].”

CommentaryIf there is a mixed assembly of Muslims and non-Muslims, one should utter greeting to it but consider Muslims as one’s addressees.”

[Hadith] 883. Abu Musa (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Jews used to intentionally sneeze in the presence of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) hoping that he would say to them: `Yarhamukum-ullah (may Allah have mercy on you),’ but he would respond with: “Yahdikum-ullahu wa yuslihu balakum (may Allah guide you and render sound your state of affairs).” [Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].”

Commentary: Here, we are told that in response to sneezing on the part of non-Muslims, we should only utter these benedictory words: “Yahdikum-ullahu wa yuslihu balakum (may Allah guide you and render sound your state of affairs)!”

[Hadith] 1636. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) as saying: “Jews and Christians do not dye their hair, so act differently from them.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].”

Commentary: We learn from this Hadith that the Prophet (PBUH) has advised the Muslims to dye the hair of their head and beard with yellow or red colour. They have been forbidden from dying the hair with black colour, as will be explained in the coming Ahadith.”

“Some religious scholars have regarded this as something desirable. Therefore, it is not necessary to dye the hair of head and beard. But this is certainly better. Since any resemblance with the Jews and Christians is unlawful, not dying the hair will create a resemblance with them. Therefore, in such a situation the colouring will be necessary, otherwise it will be Mustahabb, that is to say desirable.”

[Hadith] 1812. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Dajjal (the Antichrist) will be followed by seventy thousand Jews of Isfahan and will be dressed in robes of green coloured satin.” [Muslim].”

Commentary: Isfahan is a city in Persia (Iran). Tailasan green sheet (is the dress of the Sheikhs of the non-Arab nations).”

[Hadith] 1819. `Abdullah bin `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: One day the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) mentioned Al-Masih Dajjal (the Antichrist) in the presence of the people and said, “Verily, Allah is not one-eyed but Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal is blind in the right eye which looks like a swollen grape.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]”

Commentary: All these narrations about the mischief of Dajjal are correct and have been narrated through reliable narrators, and all scholars agree on their being true. They have been reported by Al- Bukhari and Muslim, whose narrations are unanimously accepted by the `Ulama’.”

“The second coming of the Prophet ‘Isa (Jesus) from the heavens is proved on the basis of such reliable and true narrations that none can contradict them. Before the Day of Resurrection all these things will happen, and it is essential to believe in them.”

Dajjal would be a descendant of the Jews, and he will be called Dajjal because of his mischief. The meaning of Dajjal is `one who greatly resorts to fraud and deception’.”

“Allah will also give him some extraordinary powers to test the belief of the Muslims. Dajjal will claim to be the lord of the world. A large portion of the Jews will be with him. He has also been named as Al- Masih Ad-Dajjal in some narrations. Jesus, son of Mary (Peace be upon them) will have the honour of killing him.”

[Hadith] 1820. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah(PBUH) said, “The Last Hour will not come until the Muslims fight against the Jews, until a Jew will hide himself behind a stone or a tree, and the stone or the tree will say: `O Muslim, there is a Jew behind me. Come and kill him,’ but Al-Gharqad tree will not say so, for it is the tree of the Jews.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].”

Commentary: Gharqad is a thorny plant which is well-known in the area of Palestine. Allah can bestow the power of speech to whatever thing He likes. When Allah wills, He will give mastery to the Muslims. He will help them even by means of plants and stones which will assist the Muslims against the Jews by informing them about the whereabouts of the Jews.”

The Jews have predominance over the Muslims in spite of the fact that they are a minority. But according to this true narration, the situation will definitely change before the Day of Resurrection, and the Muslims will dominate the Jews. Allah is the Master and Rubb of everything.”

Screenshot from the book

[Hadith] 1827. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “There were two women, each had her child with her. A wolf came and took away the child of one of them. One woman said to her companion: `The wolf has taken your son.’ The other said: `It has taken your son.’ So both of them took the dispute to Prophet Dawud (David) (PBUH) who judged that the boy should be given to the older lady. Then they went to Prophet Sulaiman (Solomon) (PBUH) son of Dawud and put the case before him. Prophet Sulaiman said: `Give me a knife so that I may cut the child into two and give one half to each of you.’ The younger woman said: `Do not do so; may Allah bless you! He is her child.’ On that Prophet Sulaiman decided the case in favour of the younger woman.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].”

Commentary: Prophet Sulaiman (Solomon) (PBUH) went to the depth of the matter by wisdom bestowed by Allah and the power of decision using a device or a trick as a method of discovering the truth. He used this trick to discover the truth and not to evade it. Such a trick is not forbidden in the law and there is no doubt in its being permitted. However, those tricks which are used to avoid the law are a great sin for which the Jews are well-known. May Allah save us from such things.”

Ruling on Sex Slaves as presented by Canadian Islamic organization

64917b7f51eb8f6c8bad618833515b1ef7b2c4db

Leaders of the Canadian Muslim community have repeatedly condemned ISIS inhuman practices blaming it of extreme and misguided interpretation of the Quran and of being deviated from the true Islamic teachings.

In a publication circulated to its followers in 2015, the Islamic State (a.k.a. IS, ISIS, ISIL, The Caliphate), provided the Islamic-based guidelines for “capturing apostate women” and taking “possession” of them as “slaves,” which means a permission to have intercourse with the female slaves even if it is against their will.

The following are selected excerpts of the Islamic guidelines issued by ISIS:

“Unbelieving [women] who were captured and brought into the abode of Islam are permissible to us… It is permissible to have sexual intercourse with the female captive… If she is a virgin, he [her master] can have intercourse with her immediately after taking possession of her. However, is she isn’t, her uterus must be purified [first]… It is permissible to buy, sell, or give as a gift female captives and slaves, for they are merely property… It is permissible to have intercourse with the female slave who hasn’t reached puberty if she is fit for intercourse… It is permissible to beat the female slave as a form of disciplinary beating…”

ICNA Canada: It is permissible for Muslim men to have sex with their female slaves

ICNA (Islamic Circle of North America) Canada is an Islamic nationalwide organization striving “to build an Exemplary Canadian Muslim Community” by “total submission to Him [Allah] and through the propagation of true and universal message of Islam.”

 

ICNA Canada shares with its followers a “Syllabus for the Month of March for MGAs and Workers” that provides selected verses of the Quran and hadiths (traditions containing sayings of Mohammad the prophet of Islam that constitute the major source of guidance).

The syllabus contains verses 1-11 verses of Chapter 23 of the Qurab Al-Mu’minun – The Believers in Arabic and in English accompanied with interpretation:

Successful indeed are the believers. (1) Those who offer their Salât (prayers) with all solemnity and full submissiveness. (2) And those who turn away from Al-Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk, falsehood, and all that Allâh has forbidden). (3) And those who pay the Zakât. (4) And those who guard their chastity (i.e. Private parts, from illegal sexual acts). (5) Except from their wives or (slaves) that their right hands possess, – for then, they are free from blame; (6) But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors; (7) Those who are faithfully true to their Amanât (all the duties which Allâh has ordained, honesty, moral responsibility and trusts)[] and to their covenants; (8) And those who strictly guard their (five compulsory congregational) Salawât (prayers) (at their fixed stated hours).[] (9) These are indeed the inheritors. (10) Who shall inherit the Firdaus (Paradise). They shall dwell therein forever. (11) (Translation by Dr. Mohsin)”

The interpretation of verses 4 and 5, as appears on ICNA Canada’s syllabus, confirms the permission for Muslim men to take a slave woman and to have an intercourse with her.

Islamic ruling on ‘sex slave’

Saudi Shaykh Muhammad Saalih al-Munajjid explains this issue his website islamqa.info (which is recommended by some Islamic organizations in Canada as a valuable source of information):

“Islam allows a man to have intercourse with his slave woman, whether he has a wife or wives or he is not married.

“A slave woman with whom a man has intercourse is known as a sariyyah (concubine) from the word sirr, which means marriage.

“This is indicated by the Qur’aan and Sunnah, and this was done by the Prophets… Our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) also did that, as did the Sahaabah, the righteous and the scholars.

“The scholars are unanimously agreed on that and it is not permissible for anyone to regard it as haraam or to forbid it. Whoever regards that as haraam is a sinner who is going against the consensus of the scholars…

The wife has no right to object to her husband owning female slaves or to his having intercourse with them.”

Free Islamic book at Dundas Square in Toronto explains the “legitimate sources of slaves” according to Islam

The Walk in Islamic Info Center (WIIC), a Toronto-based organization dedicated to Dawah (propagating Islam) activity, has an Islamic booth at Dundas Square in downtown Toronto. Last year activists at the Islamic booth distributed for free the book “Human rights in Islam and common misconceptions

human rights

The book stipulates “two exceptions as legitimate sources of slaves,” which are “war captives, or prisoners of lawfully declared wars by a Muslim ruler” and “an inherited slave born from two slave parents.” Other sections of the book sanction crucifixion, chopping off thieves’ limbs, stoning adulterers to death, imposing the Jizyah tax on non-Muslim residents and launching to jihad to spread the message of Islam.

Contrary Canadian Islamic opinions on honor killing

 

1eb0c11a5f59fc2fe921c9d4b50cc33c717b1e32

We continue our study  of the book, ‘The Garden of the Righteous’, available on the Islamic Circle of North America (Canada) website. In this article, we examine what this book says about honor killing, and the reiteration of Canadian Imams.  We also examine contrary commentary by other Canadian Islamic organizations that decry honor killing.

On its official website ICNA Canada shares with its members, followers and supporters the book “Riyad us Saliheen” (“The Gardens of the Righteous” رياض الصالحين) compiled by Imam Zakaruya Yahya Bin Sharaf An-Nawawi, a Sunni Shafi’ite jurist and hadith scholar who lived in 13th century.

The Gardens of the Righteous (Arabic: Riyadh as-Salihin), is a compilation of verses from the Qur’an and hadith by Al-Nawawi. It contains a total of 1905 hadith divided across 372 chapters, many of which are introduced by verses of the Quran.

The book “Riyad us Saliheen” (“The Gardens of the Righteous”) which appears on ICNA Canada site adds modern commentary to the verses from the Qur’an and hadith.

The following are excerpts from the book which deal with honour killing:

[Hadith]1628. `Uqbah bin `Amir (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Avoid (entering a place) in which are women (uncovered or simply to mix with them in seclusion).” A man from the Ansar said, “Tell me about the brother of a woman’s husband.” He replied, “The brother of a woman’s husband is death.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].”

Commentary: This Hadith tells us an extremely important point in respect of the veil about which the majority of Muslims are unaware or negligent. The point that it tells us that a woman must observe the veil from the real brothers, cousins etc., of her husband because their visits in her home are very frequent and there may occur several occasions when they come across each other alone. For this reason, there are greater chances of mischief with them. This explains why the husband’s male relatives have been regarded as “death”, that is from the religious point of view they are fatal.

“In other words, if they commit the mischief, it will prove fatal because in an Islamic state this crime is punishable by Rajm (stoning to death).

This can also be fatal in another way. If the husband begins to suspect that his wife has illicit relations with someone else, he might kill her or divorce her out of his sense of honour. Even in case of divorce, her life will become desolate. Another meaning of it can be that one should be as much afraid of meeting such women in seclusion with whom any kind of contact is not permissible as one is afraid of death.”

“When a woman is required to observe the veil from the real brothers of her husband, why would it not be essential to observe the veil from the husband’s friends. Slackness in this matter is also very common nowadays. Although the dangerous consequences of this fashion come to our notice everyday through newspapers, people do not learn any lesson from them, and the fashion of non-observance of the veil is spreading fast like an epidemic. May Allah save us from this evil!”

Protective jealousy” in Islam

The book “Fragile Vessels,” authored by Muhammad Mustafa al-Jibaly, and available and even recommended in Islamic bookstores in Toronto, serves as guide for Muslim couples to improve marital relationship in accordance to the Islamic Law (Sharia).

In his book al-Jibaly ruled that the wife must follow her husband’s naturally destined leadershipand in cases she becomes disobedient and rebellious her husband is allowed in certain conditions to use force against her. He also noted that “depending on her conduct, the wife can be a source of honor or depravity for the whole family.”

The husband must provide protection to his wife and is also obliged to have “protective jealousy” towards her. In pages 28-29 of this book al-Jibaly wrote the following:

Protection

An Important Obligation Upon the Husband

“Security and safety are most important for a human being. One needs to feel reasonably secure in order to function normally and perform one’s regular tasks.

“The wife is usually the weaker of the two spouses and looks to her husband for protection. Thus, one of the husband’s most important obligations is providing protection for his wife. This is part of his responsibility as leader of the family:

“Men are in charge of women by (right of) what (qualities) Allah has given one over the other and what they spend (in support) from their wealth.” [An-Nisa 4:34]

“This ayah [verse] shows that Allah gave leadership (or qawamah) to the man, because of certain qualities that would normally enable him to conduct such a responsibility. A most important quality of a leader is his ability to protect his followers and provide for them an atmosphere of security and harmony.

“Protection is a general term that covers physical, emotional and other forms of well being. The husband must strive to protect his wife in all of those respects. Some details in this regard will be discussed in the subsequent sections.

Ghayrah [or ghirah, protective jealousy]

“As a demonstration of a man’s toward his wife, he should have ghayrah for her. Ghayrah is the great concern about her well being and the zeal to protect her from anything that might harm her person, such as an evil touch, word or look.

“But ghayrah should not reach the point of distrusting and suspecting her without reason, not should it be for the purpose of finding possible mistakes. Jabir Bin ‘Atik reported that Allah’s Messenger said:

“Indeed, there is a form of ghayrah that Allah loves, and a form that Allah hates. Ghayrah that Allah loves is that which is based on (valid) suspicion. And ghayrah that Allah hates is that which is without (valid) suspicion.

A person without ghayrah is called dayyuth [ديوث]. A dayyuth is a person who has no sense of protection or honor regarding his wife. As we discussed in the second book of this series a dayyuth will not enter Jannah [paradise].”

Canadian Islamic perspective of the Ghayrah [or ghirah, protective jealousy]

Canadian Imam Said Rageah (الشيخ سعيد راجح) addressed in one his lectures at Abu Huraira Center (270 Yorkland Blvd Toronto, Ontario M2J 5C9) the challenges Muslims couples face in their marital relationship and the meaning of the ghayrah [or ghirah protective jealousy] in Islam. The following are excerpts of his lecture (17:07-22:26):

“Also something that we are not doing it is [that] we no longer have the ghirah [protective jealousy] that is needed. There is no ghirah [protective jealousy] in us, my brothers to faith (اخوتي في الله) nowadays. There is no jealousy.

“Meaning (يعني) you don’t have that ghirah [protective jealousy], that manhood. Glorious is God [سبحان الله]. And when a man looks at your sister or your wife and her brother passes by what should you [her brother] do? Knocking him out. Right? But, he [reacts by saying]: O well, how are you? She is my sister. He is Dayyuth (هذا ديوث). That is not acceptable. You know, you should introduce your sister, no, no, no, no, no, no. Unacceptable, O my brothers to faith (اخوتي في الله).

“I told you the story of the [Quranic] verse [اية] and the ruling [حكم] of a man finding another man with his wife. What is the ruling initially? The ruling was: go and get four witnesses. Sa’ad bin Muaz (سعد بن معاذ) said [فقال], Sa’ad bin Ubaada [سعد بن عبادة], i’m sorry, and you know Sa’ad bin Ubaada, may Allah be pleased with him [رضي الله عنه].

“Sa’ad bin Ubaada was the man [who] got married and the family delivered the wife on a horse, and as soon as she got off the horse, what did he do? He took his dagger and killed the horse… He said: no, no man will sit where my wife sat. That’s how his jealousy was. No, no, no. Let him live, let the horse live. No. [لا]. In the path of Allah it is a halal sacrifice [في سبيل الله حلال ذبيحة] on the spot. No. Meaning [يعني] Just the thought [that] five years later man sat [sic] in the same spot. He wouldn’t sleep with that thought and he killed the horse.

“And Allah said in the Quran: go and find four witnesses if you find a man with your wife. And Sa’ad said… you want me to find a man with my wife and I’ll say: Hey guys, stay where you are and I’ll bring four witnesses God Willing [ان شاء الله]. Don’t go anywhere. He said: O Messenger of Allah, [يا رسول الله] by the time I bring my witnesses they were done. It’s over. The business is over. In that kind of business what do you expect?

“He said: I swear by Allah, O the Messenger of Allah [والله يا رسول الله], I swear by Allah [والله] I will kill them both with the back of my sword. Meaning [يعنى] he [didn’t] come with the edge of his sword, [but] the back, so they’d die slowly. That’s how he wants to kill them. So [Muhammad’s] companions [صحابة] [said]: How could you say that Messenger of Allah peace and blessing be upon him. The Messenger of Allah [Prophet Muhammad] said: Are you concerned about Sa’ad’s jealousy? I swear by Allah that I’m more jealous than Sa’ad and Allah is more jealous than I.

Al-Arari, a Bedouin, he was walking with his wife and his wife looked at another man, and he saw that, and he said: go back to your family [الحقي باهلك] She said: What? It was just a look. And he said this poem to her: إِذَا وَقَعَ الذُّبَابُ عَلَى طَعَامٍ رَفَعْتُ يَدِي وَنَفْسِي تَشْتَهِيهِ وَتَجْتَنِبُ الْأُسُودُ وُرُودَ مَاءٍ إِذَا كَانَ الْكِلاَبُ وَلَغْنَ فِيهِ. Listen to this. He said: If a fly lands on my food when I’m eating, and I’m still need to eat that food, I would withdraw my hand from the food, because a fly landed on my food.

“Meaning, that’s it. I don’t want to put myself to the point that I would eat something that a fly landed on it. When a fly lands on a food [إِذَا وَقَعَ الذُّبَابُ عَلَى طَعَامٍ رَفَعْتُ] I still want to eat that food [رَفَعْتُ يَدِي وَنَفْسِي تَشْتَهِيهِ], I love you. I still love you, but I cannot live with the thought that you looked at someone else. I cannot do this. Though I love you, I will go against my heart. He said: lions don’t drink what the dogs drank from [وَتَجْتَنِبُ الْأُسُودُ وُرُودَ مَاءٍ]. The lions don’t drink from the same spot the dogs drunk from. I can’t. And this is what is needed.

“But [with regard to] us we said: it’s ok, she is working with the man in the room, Oh come on, this is life brother Saeed. Why are you guys Wahabis?… Come on. Don’t be too rigid. I trust my wife. If you tell me that I should feel jealous, that’s means that I don’t trust her. Glorious be Allah [سبحان الله].

“What would you do with such a brother, my brothers to faith [اخوتي في الله]. You’re taking for a walk and you come back alone and leaving her, God Willing [ان شاء الله], because he does not deserve to live as a descent person. So, this is not the case for a believer [مؤمن] o my brothers to faith [اخوتي في الله].

Cases of alleged honour killing in Canada

In 2007, Aqsa Parvez, a Muslim of Pakistani origin, was strangled to death by her father and brother when she chose not to wear a hijab and traditional Pakistani clothing. Her murder sent shock waves prompting heated debate on the hijab ad integration for newcomers. Muhammad Parvez and Waqas Parvez pleaded guilty to the second-degree murder of Aqsa Parvez and were sentenced to life imprisonment, with no eligibility for parole until 2028.

In 2012, Afghan-born Mohammad Shafia, his wife Tooba Yahya and their son Hamed were each handed an automatic life sentence with no chance of parole for 25 years for “honour killing” Mohammad’s three daughters Zainab, 19, Sahar, 17, and Geeti Shafia, 13, as well as Rona Mohammad Amir, 50, Mohammad’s other wife in a polygamous marriage. According to evidence heard in court, the daughters were murdered because they wanted to wear western clothes and resisted pressure from their parents and eldest brother to wear the hijab.

Canadian Muslim leaders: honour killing does not exist in Islam

Canadian Muslim organizations and advocates vehemently and repeatedly deny any connection between Islam and honour killing.

The National Council of Canadian Muslims (NCCM), a grassroots advocacy founded in 2000 and formerly known as CAIR-CAN, issued (May 1, 2014) a press release bearing the headline: “Don’t Separate ‘honour Crimes’ From Other Violence Against Women.” The following is an excerpt of NCCM’s press release”

“The documentary [Honour Diaries] claims to expose the paralyzing political correctness that prevents us from addressing the human rights disaster that is honour-based violence… It is true that some forms of honour-based violence are more prevalent in certain Muslim majority countries, however, it is widely accepted that these practices have no basis in religion… Islam, the religion to which much of these heinous acts are attributed in the Honour Diaries, strongly condemns all these practices.”

The Canadian Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR-CAN), the Islamic Social Services Association (ISSA) and the Islamic Society of Toronto condemned the the murder by her father of Aqsa Parvez, a 17 year old teen who refused to wear the hijab regarding it an incident of “domestic violence” with no relation to Islam.

“There should be zero tolerance for violence of any kind against women or girls,” said ISSA President Shahina Siddiqui. “The strangulation death of Ms. Parvez was the result of domestic violence, a problem that cuts across Canadian society and is blind to colour or creed.”

“Muslims and Canadians of all faiths need to reflect on the realities of domestic abuse and take concrete steps to eliminate violence against women,” said CAIR-CAN Board Member Selma Djukic.

In another press release (January 30, 2012) referring to Shafia verdict (father, son and second wife were convicted of killing the first wife and three daughters) CAIR-CAN emphasized that “Canadian Muslims unequivocally condemn the notion of ‘honour killing’ or other gender-based violence as un-Islamic and un-Canadian.”

In an op-ed titled “Stop harassing Afghans and Muslims for crimes of the Shafia family” (February 1, 2012)Haroon Siddiqui argued that “honour killings — like violence against women — know no religious or cultural bounds, even in Canada.”

Sheema Khan, columnist with the Globe and Mail and former chair of CAIR-CAN, wrote (April 16, 2014) in her op-ed titled “We Can End Honour Killings, But Not With Films by Anti-Muslim Zealots” the following: “Religion is an ally against ‘honour’ killings. Islamic scholars (both Sunni and Shia) have condemned this practice. Their voices need to be amplified, in order to remove any doubts about the immoral nature of this crime. They carry far more legitimacy than anti-Muslim propagandists [referring the documentary Honour Diaries].