Contrary Canadian Islamic opinions on honor killing

 

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We continue our study  of the book, ‘The Garden of the Righteous’, available on the Islamic Circle of North America (Canada) website. In this article, we examine what this book says about honor killing, and the reiteration of Canadian Imams.  We also examine contrary commentary by other Canadian Islamic organizations that decry honor killing.

On its official website ICNA Canada shares with its members, followers and supporters the book “Riyad us Saliheen” (“The Gardens of the Righteous” رياض الصالحين) compiled by Imam Zakaruya Yahya Bin Sharaf An-Nawawi, a Sunni Shafi’ite jurist and hadith scholar who lived in 13th century.

The Gardens of the Righteous (Arabic: Riyadh as-Salihin), is a compilation of verses from the Qur’an and hadith by Al-Nawawi. It contains a total of 1905 hadith divided across 372 chapters, many of which are introduced by verses of the Quran.

The book “Riyad us Saliheen” (“The Gardens of the Righteous”) which appears on ICNA Canada site adds modern commentary to the verses from the Qur’an and hadith.

The following are excerpts from the book which deal with honour killing:

[Hadith]1628. `Uqbah bin `Amir (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Avoid (entering a place) in which are women (uncovered or simply to mix with them in seclusion).” A man from the Ansar said, “Tell me about the brother of a woman’s husband.” He replied, “The brother of a woman’s husband is death.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].”

Commentary: This Hadith tells us an extremely important point in respect of the veil about which the majority of Muslims are unaware or negligent. The point that it tells us that a woman must observe the veil from the real brothers, cousins etc., of her husband because their visits in her home are very frequent and there may occur several occasions when they come across each other alone. For this reason, there are greater chances of mischief with them. This explains why the husband’s male relatives have been regarded as “death”, that is from the religious point of view they are fatal.

“In other words, if they commit the mischief, it will prove fatal because in an Islamic state this crime is punishable by Rajm (stoning to death).

This can also be fatal in another way. If the husband begins to suspect that his wife has illicit relations with someone else, he might kill her or divorce her out of his sense of honour. Even in case of divorce, her life will become desolate. Another meaning of it can be that one should be as much afraid of meeting such women in seclusion with whom any kind of contact is not permissible as one is afraid of death.”

“When a woman is required to observe the veil from the real brothers of her husband, why would it not be essential to observe the veil from the husband’s friends. Slackness in this matter is also very common nowadays. Although the dangerous consequences of this fashion come to our notice everyday through newspapers, people do not learn any lesson from them, and the fashion of non-observance of the veil is spreading fast like an epidemic. May Allah save us from this evil!”

Protective jealousy” in Islam

The book “Fragile Vessels,” authored by Muhammad Mustafa al-Jibaly, and available and even recommended in Islamic bookstores in Toronto, serves as guide for Muslim couples to improve marital relationship in accordance to the Islamic Law (Sharia).

In his book al-Jibaly ruled that the wife must follow her husband’s naturally destined leadershipand in cases she becomes disobedient and rebellious her husband is allowed in certain conditions to use force against her. He also noted that “depending on her conduct, the wife can be a source of honor or depravity for the whole family.”

The husband must provide protection to his wife and is also obliged to have “protective jealousy” towards her. In pages 28-29 of this book al-Jibaly wrote the following:

Protection

An Important Obligation Upon the Husband

“Security and safety are most important for a human being. One needs to feel reasonably secure in order to function normally and perform one’s regular tasks.

“The wife is usually the weaker of the two spouses and looks to her husband for protection. Thus, one of the husband’s most important obligations is providing protection for his wife. This is part of his responsibility as leader of the family:

“Men are in charge of women by (right of) what (qualities) Allah has given one over the other and what they spend (in support) from their wealth.” [An-Nisa 4:34]

“This ayah [verse] shows that Allah gave leadership (or qawamah) to the man, because of certain qualities that would normally enable him to conduct such a responsibility. A most important quality of a leader is his ability to protect his followers and provide for them an atmosphere of security and harmony.

“Protection is a general term that covers physical, emotional and other forms of well being. The husband must strive to protect his wife in all of those respects. Some details in this regard will be discussed in the subsequent sections.

Ghayrah [or ghirah, protective jealousy]

“As a demonstration of a man’s toward his wife, he should have ghayrah for her. Ghayrah is the great concern about her well being and the zeal to protect her from anything that might harm her person, such as an evil touch, word or look.

“But ghayrah should not reach the point of distrusting and suspecting her without reason, not should it be for the purpose of finding possible mistakes. Jabir Bin ‘Atik reported that Allah’s Messenger said:

“Indeed, there is a form of ghayrah that Allah loves, and a form that Allah hates. Ghayrah that Allah loves is that which is based on (valid) suspicion. And ghayrah that Allah hates is that which is without (valid) suspicion.

A person without ghayrah is called dayyuth [ديوث]. A dayyuth is a person who has no sense of protection or honor regarding his wife. As we discussed in the second book of this series a dayyuth will not enter Jannah [paradise].”

Canadian Islamic perspective of the Ghayrah [or ghirah, protective jealousy]

Canadian Imam Said Rageah (الشيخ سعيد راجح) addressed in one his lectures at Abu Huraira Center (270 Yorkland Blvd Toronto, Ontario M2J 5C9) the challenges Muslims couples face in their marital relationship and the meaning of the ghayrah [or ghirah protective jealousy] in Islam. The following are excerpts of his lecture (17:07-22:26):

“Also something that we are not doing it is [that] we no longer have the ghirah [protective jealousy] that is needed. There is no ghirah [protective jealousy] in us, my brothers to faith (اخوتي في الله) nowadays. There is no jealousy.

“Meaning (يعني) you don’t have that ghirah [protective jealousy], that manhood. Glorious is God [سبحان الله]. And when a man looks at your sister or your wife and her brother passes by what should you [her brother] do? Knocking him out. Right? But, he [reacts by saying]: O well, how are you? She is my sister. He is Dayyuth (هذا ديوث). That is not acceptable. You know, you should introduce your sister, no, no, no, no, no, no. Unacceptable, O my brothers to faith (اخوتي في الله).

“I told you the story of the [Quranic] verse [اية] and the ruling [حكم] of a man finding another man with his wife. What is the ruling initially? The ruling was: go and get four witnesses. Sa’ad bin Muaz (سعد بن معاذ) said [فقال], Sa’ad bin Ubaada [سعد بن عبادة], i’m sorry, and you know Sa’ad bin Ubaada, may Allah be pleased with him [رضي الله عنه].

“Sa’ad bin Ubaada was the man [who] got married and the family delivered the wife on a horse, and as soon as she got off the horse, what did he do? He took his dagger and killed the horse… He said: no, no man will sit where my wife sat. That’s how his jealousy was. No, no, no. Let him live, let the horse live. No. [لا]. In the path of Allah it is a halal sacrifice [في سبيل الله حلال ذبيحة] on the spot. No. Meaning [يعني] Just the thought [that] five years later man sat [sic] in the same spot. He wouldn’t sleep with that thought and he killed the horse.

“And Allah said in the Quran: go and find four witnesses if you find a man with your wife. And Sa’ad said… you want me to find a man with my wife and I’ll say: Hey guys, stay where you are and I’ll bring four witnesses God Willing [ان شاء الله]. Don’t go anywhere. He said: O Messenger of Allah, [يا رسول الله] by the time I bring my witnesses they were done. It’s over. The business is over. In that kind of business what do you expect?

“He said: I swear by Allah, O the Messenger of Allah [والله يا رسول الله], I swear by Allah [والله] I will kill them both with the back of my sword. Meaning [يعنى] he [didn’t] come with the edge of his sword, [but] the back, so they’d die slowly. That’s how he wants to kill them. So [Muhammad’s] companions [صحابة] [said]: How could you say that Messenger of Allah peace and blessing be upon him. The Messenger of Allah [Prophet Muhammad] said: Are you concerned about Sa’ad’s jealousy? I swear by Allah that I’m more jealous than Sa’ad and Allah is more jealous than I.

Al-Arari, a Bedouin, he was walking with his wife and his wife looked at another man, and he saw that, and he said: go back to your family [الحقي باهلك] She said: What? It was just a look. And he said this poem to her: إِذَا وَقَعَ الذُّبَابُ عَلَى طَعَامٍ رَفَعْتُ يَدِي وَنَفْسِي تَشْتَهِيهِ وَتَجْتَنِبُ الْأُسُودُ وُرُودَ مَاءٍ إِذَا كَانَ الْكِلاَبُ وَلَغْنَ فِيهِ. Listen to this. He said: If a fly lands on my food when I’m eating, and I’m still need to eat that food, I would withdraw my hand from the food, because a fly landed on my food.

“Meaning, that’s it. I don’t want to put myself to the point that I would eat something that a fly landed on it. When a fly lands on a food [إِذَا وَقَعَ الذُّبَابُ عَلَى طَعَامٍ رَفَعْتُ] I still want to eat that food [رَفَعْتُ يَدِي وَنَفْسِي تَشْتَهِيهِ], I love you. I still love you, but I cannot live with the thought that you looked at someone else. I cannot do this. Though I love you, I will go against my heart. He said: lions don’t drink what the dogs drank from [وَتَجْتَنِبُ الْأُسُودُ وُرُودَ مَاءٍ]. The lions don’t drink from the same spot the dogs drunk from. I can’t. And this is what is needed.

“But [with regard to] us we said: it’s ok, she is working with the man in the room, Oh come on, this is life brother Saeed. Why are you guys Wahabis?… Come on. Don’t be too rigid. I trust my wife. If you tell me that I should feel jealous, that’s means that I don’t trust her. Glorious be Allah [سبحان الله].

“What would you do with such a brother, my brothers to faith [اخوتي في الله]. You’re taking for a walk and you come back alone and leaving her, God Willing [ان شاء الله], because he does not deserve to live as a descent person. So, this is not the case for a believer [مؤمن] o my brothers to faith [اخوتي في الله].

Cases of alleged honour killing in Canada

In 2007, Aqsa Parvez, a Muslim of Pakistani origin, was strangled to death by her father and brother when she chose not to wear a hijab and traditional Pakistani clothing. Her murder sent shock waves prompting heated debate on the hijab ad integration for newcomers. Muhammad Parvez and Waqas Parvez pleaded guilty to the second-degree murder of Aqsa Parvez and were sentenced to life imprisonment, with no eligibility for parole until 2028.

In 2012, Afghan-born Mohammad Shafia, his wife Tooba Yahya and their son Hamed were each handed an automatic life sentence with no chance of parole for 25 years for “honour killing” Mohammad’s three daughters Zainab, 19, Sahar, 17, and Geeti Shafia, 13, as well as Rona Mohammad Amir, 50, Mohammad’s other wife in a polygamous marriage. According to evidence heard in court, the daughters were murdered because they wanted to wear western clothes and resisted pressure from their parents and eldest brother to wear the hijab.

Canadian Muslim leaders: honour killing does not exist in Islam

Canadian Muslim organizations and advocates vehemently and repeatedly deny any connection between Islam and honour killing.

The National Council of Canadian Muslims (NCCM), a grassroots advocacy founded in 2000 and formerly known as CAIR-CAN, issued (May 1, 2014) a press release bearing the headline: “Don’t Separate ‘honour Crimes’ From Other Violence Against Women.” The following is an excerpt of NCCM’s press release”

“The documentary [Honour Diaries] claims to expose the paralyzing political correctness that prevents us from addressing the human rights disaster that is honour-based violence… It is true that some forms of honour-based violence are more prevalent in certain Muslim majority countries, however, it is widely accepted that these practices have no basis in religion… Islam, the religion to which much of these heinous acts are attributed in the Honour Diaries, strongly condemns all these practices.”

The Canadian Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR-CAN), the Islamic Social Services Association (ISSA) and the Islamic Society of Toronto condemned the the murder by her father of Aqsa Parvez, a 17 year old teen who refused to wear the hijab regarding it an incident of “domestic violence” with no relation to Islam.

“There should be zero tolerance for violence of any kind against women or girls,” said ISSA President Shahina Siddiqui. “The strangulation death of Ms. Parvez was the result of domestic violence, a problem that cuts across Canadian society and is blind to colour or creed.”

“Muslims and Canadians of all faiths need to reflect on the realities of domestic abuse and take concrete steps to eliminate violence against women,” said CAIR-CAN Board Member Selma Djukic.

In another press release (January 30, 2012) referring to Shafia verdict (father, son and second wife were convicted of killing the first wife and three daughters) CAIR-CAN emphasized that “Canadian Muslims unequivocally condemn the notion of ‘honour killing’ or other gender-based violence as un-Islamic and un-Canadian.”

In an op-ed titled “Stop harassing Afghans and Muslims for crimes of the Shafia family” (February 1, 2012)Haroon Siddiqui argued that “honour killings — like violence against women — know no religious or cultural bounds, even in Canada.”

Sheema Khan, columnist with the Globe and Mail and former chair of CAIR-CAN, wrote (April 16, 2014) in her op-ed titled “We Can End Honour Killings, But Not With Films by Anti-Muslim Zealots” the following: “Religion is an ally against ‘honour’ killings. Islamic scholars (both Sunni and Shia) have condemned this practice. Their voices need to be amplified, in order to remove any doubts about the immoral nature of this crime. They carry far more legitimacy than anti-Muslim propagandists [referring the documentary Honour Diaries].

Canadian Islamic organization refutes Trudeau’s claim that Islam is compatible with democracy

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We continue our examination of the book “The Gardens of the Righteous”. In this article, we will see that according to ICNA Canada’s online syllabus, Islam is totally incompatible with democracy. This is contrary to what Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has proclaimed, namely,  “Islam is not incompatible with Western secular democracy”.

 

On its official website ICNA Canada shares with its members, followers and supporters the book “Riyad us Saliheen” (“The Gardens of the Righteous” رياض الصالحين) compiled by Imam Zakaruya Yahya Bin Sharaf An-Nawawi, a Sunni Shafi’ite jurist and hadith scholar who lived in 13th century.

The Gardens of the Righteous (Arabic: Riyadh as-Salihin), is a compilation of verses from the Qur’an and hadith by Al-Nawawi. It contains a total of 1905 hadith divided across 372 chapters, many of which are introduced by verses of the Quran.

The book “Riyad us Saliheen” (“The Gardens of the Righteous”) which appears on ICNA Canada site, adds modern commentary to the verses from the Qur’an and hadith.

The following are excerpts from the book which deal with the question whether Islam is compatible with the values of Western democracy.

“[Hadith]: 673. Abu Bakrah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, “He who insults the rulers Allah will insult him.”

[At-Tirmidhi].

Commentary: To affront and degrade the ruler means to disobey him and to by-pass his orders. This impairs his power, honour and dignity.

“Believers have been told to obey and support rulers for the sake of national interest and welfare, understanding that they desist from committing an overt disbelief and maintain congregation Salat and other duties of religion.

The political system of Islam is totally incompatible with western democracy.

The concept of government party and the opposition is alien to Islam.

All belong to one Ummah with only one goal and pursue the same aims and objects of Islamic guidelines!

“[Hadith]: 668. `Abdullah bin `Amr (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: We accompanied Messenger of Allah (PBUH) on a journey. We halted at a place to take a rest. Some of us began to set right their tents, others began to graze their animals while others were engaged in competing with one another in archery when an announcer of Messenger of Allah (PBUH) announced that people should gather for Salat. We gathered around the Messenger of Allah and he ((PBUH)) addressed us, saying, “Every Prophet before me was under obligation to guide his followers to what he knew was good for them and to warn the evil thing which he knew. As for this Ummah, it will have sound state and in its early stage of existence; but the last phase of its existence, will be faced with trials and with things you do not recognize. There will be tremendous trials, one after the other, and to each the believer will say, `That is it’. Whenever a trial arrives the believer will say: `This is going to bring about my destruction.’ When this passes, another calamity will approach and he will say: `This surely is going to be my end.’ Whosoever wishes to be removed from the Fire (Hell) and admitted to Jannah should die with faith in Allah and the Last Day; and he should treat others as he wishes to be treated. He who swears allegiance to an Imam, he should give him the pledge in ratification and the sincerity of his heart. He should obey him to the best of his capacity. If another man comes forward as a claimant (when one has already been installed), behead the second.” [Muslim].

Commentary: Here `its early stage’ means the period of the Companions, of the Successors (of the Companions), and of the Followers (of the Successors). In another Hadith, it has been called as the best era. In comparison with all the succeeding periods, this period is surpassingly good, peaceful and blessed. Later would emerge, it was prophesized, mischief after mischief, each being worse than the preceding one. Today, everybody sees the truth of this prophecy like the light of day. By predicting the emergence of mischief, Messenger of Allah (PBUH) wanted to warn his followers that they should keep themselves aloof from them. To them he further explained in advance the precautionary measures, that is, to keep faith in Allah, to remain firm-footed in the belief in the Hereafter and to deal with people fairly, attempting to be polite to them at the same time.

“Besides, prophecy has been made about the abundance of the power-hungry people with a remedial note. In the first instance believers are supposed to swear allegiance to the caliph, and by extending their cooperation to him they should kill another claimant to the caliphate because it is only in this way that the unity of the Muslim Ummah can be maintained, free of chaos and discord.

“Yet, unfortunately, the power-orientated groups have found a plaything in the shape of democracy, turning peace and unity into a legend of the past. What a pity that despite all that they seek stability and progress! Is it the miracle of time or the quirk of the vested interests that has reversed the whole scheme of things? There is little hope of the improvement of the Muslim world’s affairs. Indeed, it faces an ironical situation.

Trudeau insists: “Islam is not incompatible with Western secular democracy”

In two separate interviews to CBC during recent months, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau firmly maintained that Islam is compatible with Western open and secular democracy:

(November 24, 2015): “Canadians are quick to point out that ISIS is wrong, that Islam is not incompatible with the Western secular democracy, a free place like Canada.”

(January 31, 2016): “But on the other hand, we need to make sure that we’re working with communities like the Muslim community for example to demonstrate that Islam is not incompatible with free and open Western societies.”

Reviving the Islamic Spirit convention exemplifies “our shared beliefs”

In a video message to the annual Reviving the Islamic Spirit convention held at the Metro Toronto Convention Centre (December 25-27, 2015) in Toronto, Trudeau said:

“The Reviving the Islamic Spirit [RIS] convention… is also about celebrating our shared beliefs in justice, fairness, equality of opportunity and acceptance. The work you do in communities across the country is what builds the and strengthens our multicultural fabric.”

The values of Ramadan are the “principles upon which Canada is founded” and the “tenets of our Charter of Rights and Freedoms”

In his greeting for Ramadan (July 9, 2013), Trudeau wrote the following:

“During the holy month of Ramadan, Muslims in Canada and around the world fast and engage in deep spiritual reflection, recommit to a life guided by compassion and charity, and foster spiritual renewal of themselves and their communities.”

“Underlying the teachings of Ramadan are the values of empathy, generosity and discipline – principles upon which Canada is founded. They are tenets of our Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which guarantees those things sacred to you, to me and to all people with whom we share this great land.”

“I am proud to live in a country where people come together, where our common dreams crowd out the fears that would divide us. Canada is so greatly enriched by its diversity of cultures, languages and religions, and by our shared belief in respect, acceptance, understanding and friendship.”

We need to “separate the muslims from the terrorist”

In an interview (November 12, 2014) to Alameen Post magazine, based in Surrey, BC Trudeau addressing the local Muslim community, was quoted as saying the following:

“In reference to the Ottawa shooting and statementsTh given by the other two political leaders, especially when it comes to Canadian Muslims, he feels that they could have done a better job. He feels that in light of the 9/11 incidents and lessons learned from it, that any time such an incident does occur there has to be strong message needed to be sent to separate the muslims from the terrorist…”

Who’s telling the truth about jihad? Canadian Muslim lobby or the Quran and Hadith?

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Hezbollah flag being waved in Toronto, Canada.

We continue our examination of the syllabus entitled “The Gardens of Righteousness” found on the Islamic Circle of North America’s website.

The Islamic Social Services Association (ISSA) and the National Council of Canadian Muslims (NCCM) published a 38-page handbook on September 29, 2014 for Canadian Muslim communities about radicalization towards violent extremism.

According to the authors of the handbook titled “United Against Terrorism”: A Collaborative Effort Towards a secure, inclusive, and just Canada, answers questions about radicalization and provides Canadian Muslims with tools to confront misinformation and challenge discrimination.”

“We heard and responded to a pressing need to understand and evaluate the nature, origin, causes, facilitators and impacts of violent extremist messages on Canadian Muslim youth,” explained ISSA President Shahina Siddiqui.

“The best defense to violent extremist messages is to equip communities with sound knowledge, and to ensure that they are well-informed of their civic rights and responsibilities,” said NCCM Executive Director Ihsaan Gardee.

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ISSA and NCCM: Jihad is “struggling in the path of good” and only “defensive”

ISSA and NCCM (formerly CAIR-CAN) determined that “Jihad is not holy war either. Islam allows for Jihad in the form of a military action in self defense only” and that “Islamic tradition and law encourages peaceful resolution through negotiations over military combat.”

Both organizations based their position on the book Riyadh-us-Saliheen (“The Gardens of the Righteous”رياض الصالحين) compiled by Imam Zakaruya Yahya Bin Sharaf An-Nawawi, a Sunni Shafi’ite jurist and hadith scholar who lived in 13th century.

The following is the chapter (p. 10) of the handbook issued by ISSA and NCCM which deals with the meaning of jihad in Islam:

“IS JIHAD THE SAME AS TERRORISM?

“ABSOLUTELY NOT! Jihad is an Arabic term meaning striving, struggling and exertion in the path of good. Every day a Muslim struggles with his/her desires and does good and strives to be a better human being he/she is performing jihad. Prophet Muhammad told his companions as they went home after a battle:

“We are returning from the lesser jihad [the battle] to the greater jihad,” the far more vital and crucial task of extinguishing transgression from one’s own society and one’s own heart. (Riyadh-us-Saliheen)

Jihad is not holy war either. Islam allows for Jihad in the form of a military action in self defense only. Even in self-defence, terrorism and violence against civilians, women, children, non combatant spiritual leaders and destruction of infrastructure, places of worship, poisoning of wells (food supplies) and burning of orchids is strictly prohibited. Generally Islamic tradition and law encourages peaceful resolution through negotiations over military combat.

“But if the enemy incline towards peace, you also incline to peace, and put your trust in Allah.” (Quran 8:61)”

Let us compare the above information with information that is found on the ICNA (Islamic circle of North America (Canada) website.

ICNA Canada: Jihad has an offensive role in fighting heresy in the world in order to bring about an Islamic global dominance

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ICNA (Islamic Circle of North America) Canada is an Islamic nation wide organization striving “to build an Exemplary Canadian Muslim Community” by “total submission to Him [Allah] and through the propagation of true and universal message of Islam.”

Located at 391 Burnhamthorpe Rd., East, Oakville, Ontario, ICNA Canada emphasizes that “the propagation of true and universal message of Islam is only possible in Canada when whole Canadian Muslim Community transformed into a Dawah community by practicing and propagating the true Islamic Way of Life. With the vision of building an exemplary Canadian Muslim community it is very important to spread the word of Islam…”

Dr. Iqbal Massod Al-Nadvi is the Amir (President) of Islamic Circle of North America (ICNA) Canada andis also serving as Chairperson of Canadian Council of Imams. he also served as Director of Al-Falah Islamic School in Oakville, Ontario from 2004 to 2011, prior to which he served as Imam of Muslim Association of Calgary Islamic Center from 1998-2004 and as a member of the University of Calgary chaplaincy team.

On its official website ICNA Canada shares with its members, followers and supporters the book “Riyad us Saliheen”. The book which appears on ICNA Canada site adds modern commentary to the verses from the Qur’an and hadith.

The Gardens of the Righteous (Arabic: Riyadh as-Salihin), is a compilation of verses from the Qur’an and hadith by Al-Nawawi. It contains a total of 1905 hadith divided across 372 chapters, many of which are introduced by verses of the Quran.

This is the same book that was referenced  in the commentary in the first half of this article.

The following are excerpts from the book which deal with the duty of jihad and and its offensive role in fighting heresy in the world in order to bring about an Islamic global dominance.

“[Hadith]: 3. A`ishah (May Allah be pleased with her) narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said, “There is no emigration after the conquest (of Makkah) but only Jihad [(striving and fighting in the cause of Allah) will continue] and good intention.* So if you are summoned to fight, go forth.”

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

“*. Intention according to An-Nawawi: It means that goodness which ceased to continue by the cessation of emigration can still be obtained by Jihad and by intending accomplishing good deeds.

Commentary. When a country or a region is regarded as Dar-ul-Islam (land of Islam), it is not necessary to migrate from it to some other place. It is, however, obligatory to emigrate from such regions which are Dar-ul-Kufr (land of infidels) and where it is difficult to adhere to Islamic injunctions. It is also evident from this Hadith that when it is not necessary to migrate from one Islamic country to another then it is also not permitted by the Shari`ah to leave an Islamic country to settle permanently in Dar-ul-Kufr only for the reason that the latter has plenty of wealth and social welfare. Unfortunately, Muslims today are afflicted with this disease. The transfer of their capital and talent to Dar-ul-Kufr is indeed very disturbing because on one side these two factors are lending support to the economy of Bilad-ul-Kufr (countries of infidels) and on the other, obscenity and indecency that are common in such countries, are becoming increasingly common among the Muslims too.

“Another highly important reason for the prohibition of migration of Muslims to Dar-ul-Kufr is that it goes against the spirit as well as their readiness for Jihad fi sabilillah (striving and fighting in the way of Allah). This spirit and readiness must be kept always alive so that the Muslims may respond at once to the call of Jihad whenever the need for it arises anywhere.

“[Hadith]: 175. Sahl bin Sa`d (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said on the day of the Hhaibar Battle, “I will give this banner to a person at whose hands Allah will grant victory; a man who loves Allah and His Messenger (PBUH), and Allah and His Messenger love him also.” The people spent the night thinking as to whom it would be given. When it was morning, the people hastened to Messenger of Allah (PBUH). Every one of them was hoping that the banner would be given to him. He (the Prophet (PBUH)) asked, “Where is `Ali bin Abu Talib?” They said: “O Messenger of Allah! His eyes are sore.” He (PBUH) then sent for him and when he came, Messenger of Allah (PBUH) applied his saliva to his eyes and supplicated. `Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) recovered as if he had no ailment at all. He (PBUH) conferred upon him the banner. `Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) said: “O Messenger of Allah, shall I fight against them until they are like us?” Thereupon he (the Prophet (PBUH)) said, “Advance cautiously until you reach their open places; thereafter, invite them to Islam and inform them what is obligatory for them from the Rights of Allah, for, by Allah, if Allah guides even one person through you that is better for you than possessing a whole lot of red camels”. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: Besides mentioning the excellence of `Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) and the miracle of the Prophet (PBUH), this Hadith tells about the procedure of Jihad. According to procedure, first of all,polytheists and infidels should be invited to Islam, and if they reject the invitation, then Jihad be made against them. Jihad is such an action that if at its initial stage, that is to say at the stage of invitation, some people accept the guidance, then the people who will participate in Jihad will get the reward of good deeds done by those who would join the fold of Islam.

“[Hadith]: 208. Mu`adh (May Allah bepleased with him) reported that Messenger of Allah (PBUH) sent me (as a governor of Yemen) and instructed me thus: “You will go to the people of the Book. First call them to testify that `there is no true god except Allah, that I am (Muhammad (PBUH)) the Messenger of Allah.’ If they obey you, tell them that Allah has enjoined upon them five Salat (prayers) during the day and night; and if they obey you, inform them that Allah has made Zakat obligatory upon them; that it should be collected from their rich and distributed among their poor; and if they obey you refrain from picking up (as a share of Zakat) the best of their wealth. Beware of the supplication of the oppressed, for there is no barrier between it and Allah”. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary:

  1. If it comes to Jihad against infidels, polytheists and the people of the Book (Ahl-ul-Hitab) then before waging war against them, they should be invited to Islam and told about the prescribed Salat (prayers), Zakat and other teachings of Islam.

“2. The Zakat collected from the rich of a locality must be spent on the poor of that place. If some amount is left unspent only then it should be distributed among the deserving people of other areas.

“3. The collectors of Zakat should refrain from aggression in its collection as in that case they will be invoking the curse of the people concerned and thereby invite the Wrath of Allah.

“[Hadith]: 321. `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`as (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: A man came to the Prophet (PBUH) of Allah and said, “I swear allegiance to you for emigration and Jihad, seeking reward from Allah.” He (PBUH) said, “Is any of your parents alive?” He said, “Yes, both of them are alive.” He (PBUH) then asked, “Do you want to seek reward from Allah?” He replied in the affirmative. Thereupon Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Go back to your parents and keep good company with them”. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

“In another narration it is reported that a person came to Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and sought his permission to participate in Jihad. The Prophet (PBUH) asked, “Are your parents alive?” He replied in the affirmative. The Prophet a(PBUH) said, “(You should) consider their service as Jihad.”

Commentary: Under normal circumstances, Jihad is Fard Kifayah (collective duty — which means that if some people observe it, the rest of the Muslims will be exempted from its obligation). In such circumstances permission of parents to participate in Jihad is necessary because their service is Fard-ul-

`ain (individual duty — an injunction or ordinance, the obligation of which extends to every Muslim in person), and the former cannot be preferred to the latter. This Hadith explains such a situation. In certain circumstances, however, Jihad becomes Fard-ul-`ain (individual duty — an injunction or ordinance, the obligation of which extends to every Muslim in person) and in that case permission of the parents to take part in Jihad is not essential because then every Muslim is duty-bound to take part in it.

“[Hadith]: 390. `Abdullah bin `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “I have been commanded (by Allah) to fight people until they testify that there is no true god except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and perform Salat and pay Zakat. If they do so, they will have protection of their blood and property from me except when justified by Islam, and then account is left to Allah”. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: This Hadith brings out the following three points:

“l. The objective of Jihad. This objective warrants that one must struggle against Kufr (disbelief) and Shirk (polytheism) and the worship of falsehood in all its forms. Jihad has to continue until this objective is achieved. This contention is supported by a Hadith, to the effect thatJihad will continue till the Day of Resurrection.

“In this Hadith the word (An-Nas) translated above as “people” stands for the polytheists and idolaters. The reason being that other Nasus (pl. of Nass, meaning `text’) confirm the exemption of Ahl-ul-Kitab (people of the Scriptures) from it subject to the condition that they agree to pay Jizyah (dues imposed by Islam on the people of the Book living under the protection of an Islamic state) and submit to the Muslim rule. The Arab pagans have only the choice to either embrace Islam or face war. In the latter case, it is incumbent on the Mulsims to wage Jihad against them to wipe out Kufr and Shirk and raise the banner of Tauhid everywhere.

This Hadith strongly refutes the people who distort the Islamic concept of Jihad and hold that Islam preaches defensive war only. It is an apologetic approach because defensive war has to be fought in any case by every nation and country. Thus, it is a compulsion and needs no justification.

The real distinction of Islam lies in its enjoining Muslims to wage war for upholding the truth beside fighting for their own defense.

The domination of Kufr, Shirk and falsehood is darkness, heresy and tyranny, and the objective of Islam is to purge the world of all these evils.

It aims at liberating man from the worship of man, set them on the path of worship of Allah, and to provide a just and equitable society to mankind.

Wherever in the world there is tyranny, ignorance and heresy, Muslims are bound to fight such evils and finish them by means of Jihad.

There is also a third form of Jihad which is waged against countries where Muslims are victims of aggression, suppression and cruelties of the non-Muslims. It is incumbent upon Muslims to liberate their brethren in Faith from the clutches of the non-Muslims by means of Jihad.

“So long Muslims performed this obligation with a sense of duty, Islam and its followers were dominant in the world and ever since they have ignored this obligation, both are in subjugation and disgrace. In other words, the secret of power and stability of Muslims lies in Jihad. Muslims need to understand this secret like their ancestors.

“2. Life and property of every person is secured after his joining the fold of Islam. He will, however, be subject to the law of Islam, one of which is payment of Zakat. If he murders any Muslim, he will also be killed in return, unless the heirs of the victim pardon the murderer or accept blood-money (Diyah) for it.

“3. When a person embraces Islam, the laws of Shari`ah apply to him according to his apparent condition only. His heart will not be probed for this purpose. In case, he is not sincere or he has some design in joining the fold of Islam, no action will be taken against him until guilt is fully proved. What he has in his heart will be left to Allah Who will pass judgement on his intention on the Day of Resurrection. This Hadith is related to this chapter for its third point. In their debate on this point, some

`Ulama’ have contended that such people who believe in Tauhid and obey the injunctions of Shari`ah are not to be declared as infidels.

“[Hadith]: 1209. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “I have been commanded to fight people till they testify `La ilaha illallah’ (there is no true god except Allah) that Muhammad (PBUH) is his slave and Messenger, and they establish Salat, and pay Zakat; and if they do this, their blood (life) and property are secured except when justified by law, and it is for Allah to call them to account.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: “Except when justified by law” means that after the acceptance of Islam, if someone commits a crime which is punishable by Hadd this will be certainly imposed on him, or her, i.e., cutting of hand in case of theft, one hundred stripes or stoning to death in case of fornication, capital punishment in retaliation for murdering an innocent person. In this Hadith the words “it is for Allah to call them to account” means that if they are not sincere in the acceptance of Islam and would put up an appearance of Islam like hypocrites, or would commit a crime which is liable for Hadd but is somehow not detected by the Islamic court or authorities concerned, they will be taken to account for it by Allah, that is Allah will decide about them on the Day of Judgement.

“It is evident from this Hadith that so long as Kufr [disbelief] is present in this world, it is necessary to wage Jihad against it to finish it off, and so long as all the disbelievers do not openly accept Islam and adopt the Islamic way of life, Muslims are duty- bound to make Jihad against them.

“[Hadith]: 1352. Abu Hurairah and Jabir (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, “War is deception.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: “Khad`ah” means deception, i.e., employing a strategy which causes misunderstanding to the enemy, and one’s real intent does not become evident to them. This is permissible in Islam in the state of war.

“The hadith mentioned in this chapter make the importance of Jihad and the reason for so much stress on it abundantly clear. These also show how great a crime it is to ignore it. It is very unfortunate indeed

that present-day Muslims are guilty of renouncing Jihad in every part of the world. May Allah help us to overcome this negligence.”

Jihad encouraged by Canadian Islamic organization

jihad-warrior-on-horse

We continue with our examination of material available on-line put out by the Islamic Circle of North America (Canada)

In this article, we will deal with jihad, and the advisements  put forward by the Hadith.

ICNA (Islamic Circle of North America) Canada is an Islamic nationalwide organization striving “to build an Exemplary Canadian Muslim Community” by “total submission to Him [Allah] and through the propagation of true and universal message of Islam.”

ICNA Canada is located at 391 Burnhamthorpe Rd., East, Oakville, Ontario, with Dr. Iqbal Massod Al-Nadvi  serving as Amir (President).

On its official website ICNA Canada shares with its members, followers and supporters the book   The Gardens of the Righteous (Arabic: Riyadh as-Salihin)  compiled by Imam Zakaruya Yahya Bin Sharaf An-Nawawi, a Sunni Shafi’ite jurist and hadith scholar who lived in 13th century.  This book contains a total of 1905 hadith divided across 372 chapters, many of which are introduced by verses of the Quran.

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The Gardens of Righteousness

This book  adds modern commentary to the verses from the Qur’an and hadith.

The following are excerpts from the book which deal with the duty of jihad and and its offensive role in fighting heresy in the world in order to bring about an Islamic global dominance.

[Hadith 3]. A`ishah (May Allah be pleased with her) narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said, “There is no emigration after the conquest (of Makkah) but only Jihad [(striving and fighting in the cause of Allah) will continue] and good intention.* So if you are summoned to fight, go forth.”

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

“*. Intention according to An-Nawawi: It means that goodness which ceased to continue by the cessation of emigration can still be obtained by Jihad and by intending accomplishing good deeds.

Commentary. When a country or a region is regarded as Dar-ul-Islam (land of Islam), it is not necessary to migrate from it to some other place. It is, however, obligatory to emigrate from such regions which are Dar-ul-Kufr (land of infidels) and where it is difficult to adhere to Islamic injunctions. It is also evident from this Hadith that when it is not necessary to migrate from one Islamic country to another then it is also not permitted by the Shari`ah to leave an Islamic country to settle permanently in Dar-ul-Kufr (non Islamic countries) only for the reason that the latter has plenty of wealth and social welfare. Unfortunately, Muslims today are afflicted with this disease. The transfer of their capital and talent to Dar-ul-Kufr is indeed very disturbing because on one side these two factors are lending support to the economy of Bilad-ul-Kufr (countries of infidels) and on the other, obscenity and indecency that are common in such countries, are becoming increasingly common among the Muslims too.

“Another highly important reason for the prohibition of migration of Muslims to Dar-ul-Kufr is that it goes against the spirit as well as their readiness for Jihad fi sabilillah (striving and fighting in the way of Allah). This spirit and readiness must be kept always alive so that the Muslims may respond at once to the call of Jihad whenever the need for it arises anywhere.

“[Hadith]: 175. Sahl bin Sa`d (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said on the day of the Hhaibar Battle, “I will give this banner to a person at whose hands Allah will grant victory; a man who loves Allah and His Messenger (PBUH), and Allah and His Messenger love him also.” The people spent the night thinking as to whom it would be given. When it was morning, the people hastened to Messenger of Allah (PBUH). Every one of them was hoping that the banner would be given to him. He (the Prophet (PBUH)) asked, “Where is `Ali bin Abu Talib?” They said: “O Messenger of Allah! His eyes are sore.” He (PBUH) then sent for him and when he came, Messenger of Allah (PBUH) applied his saliva to his eyes and supplicated. `Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) recovered as if he had no ailment at all. He (PBUH) conferred upon him the banner. `Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) said: “O Messenger of Allah, shall I fight against them until they are like us?” Thereupon he (the Prophet (PBUH)) said, “Advance cautiously until you reach their open places; thereafter, invite them to Islam and inform them what is obligatory for them from the Rights of Allah, for, by Allah, if Allah guides even one person through you that is better for you than possessing a whole lot of red camels”. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: Besides mentioning the excellence of `Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) and the miracle of the Prophet (PBUH), this Hadith tells about the procedure of Jihad. According to procedure, first of all, polytheists and infidels should be invited to Islam, and if they reject the invitation, then Jihad be made against them. Jihad is such an action that if at its initial stage, that is to say at the stage of invitation, some people accept the guidance, then the people who will participate in Jihad will get the reward of good deeds done by those who would join the fold of Islam.

“[Hadith]: 208. Mu`adh (May Allah bepleased with him) reported that Messenger of Allah (PBUH) sent me (as a governor of Yemen) and instructed me thus: “You will go to the people of the Book. First call them to testify that `there is no true god except Allah, that I am (Muhammad (PBUH)) the Messenger of Allah.’ If they obey you, tell them that Allah has enjoined upon them five Salat (prayers) during the day and night; and if they obey you, inform them that Allah has made Zakat obligatory upon them; that it should be collected from their rich and distributed among their poor; and if they obey you refrain from picking up (as a share of Zakat) the best of their wealth. Beware of the supplication of the oppressed, for there is no barrier between it and Allah”. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary:

“1. If it comes to Jihad against infidels, polytheists and the people of the Book (Ahl-ul-Hitab) then before waging war against them, they should be invited to Islam and told about the prescribed Salat (prayers), Zakat and other teachings of Islam.

“2. The Zakat collected from the rich of a locality must be spent on the poor of that place. If some amount is left unspent only then it should be distributed among the deserving people of other areas.

“3. The collectors of Zakat should refrain from aggression in its collection as in that case they will be invoking the curse of the people concerned and thereby invite the Wrath of Allah.

“[Hadith]: 321. `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`as (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: A man came to the Prophet (PBUH) of Allah and said, “I swear allegiance to you for emigration and Jihad, seeking reward from Allah.” He (PBUH) said, “Is any of your parents alive?” He said, “Yes, both of them are alive.” He (PBUH) then asked, “Do you want to seek reward from Allah?” He replied in the affirmative. Thereupon Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Go back to your parents and keep good company with them”. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

“In another narration it is reported that a person came to Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and sought his permission to participate in Jihad. The Prophet (PBUH) asked, “Are your parents alive?” He replied in the affirmative. The Prophet a(PBUH) said, “(You should) consider their service as Jihad.”

Commentary: Under normal circumstances, Jihad is Fard Kifayah (collective duty — which means that if some people observe it, the rest of the Muslims will be exempted from its obligation). In such circumstances permission of parents to participate in Jihad is necessary because their service is Fard-ul-`ain , and the former cannot be preferred to the latter. This Hadith explains such a situation. In certain circumstances, however, Jihad becomes Fard-ul-`ain (individual duty — an injunction or ordinance, the obligation of which extends to every Muslim in person) and in that case permission of the parents to take part in Jihad is not essential because then every Muslim is duty-bound to take part in it.

“[Hadith]: 390. `Abdullah bin `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “I have been commanded (by Allah) to fight people until they testify that there is no true god except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and perform Salat and pay Zakat. If they do so, they will have protection of their blood and property from me except when justified by Islam, and then account is left to Allah”. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: This Hadith brings out the following three points:

“l. The objective of Jihad. This objective warrants that one must struggle against Kufr (disbelief) and Shirk (polytheism) and the worship of falsehood in all its forms. Jihad has to continue until this objective is achieved. This contention is supported by a Hadith, to the effect thatJihad will continue till the Day of Resurrection.

“In this Hadith the word (An-Nas) translated above as “people” stands for the polytheists and idolaters. The reason being that other Nasus (pl. of Nass, meaning `text’) confirm the exemption of Ahl-ul-Kitab (people of the Scriptures) from it subject to the condition that they agree to pay Jizyah (dues imposed by Islam on the people of the Book living under the protection of an Islamic state) and submit to the Muslim rule. The Arab pagans have only the choice to either embrace Islam or face war. In the latter case, it is incumbent on the Mulsims to wage Jihad against them to wipe out Kufr and Shirk and raise the banner of Tauhid everywhere.

This Hadith strongly refutes the people who distort the Islamic concept of Jihad and hold that Islam preaches defensive war only. It is an apologetic approach because defensive war has to be fought in any case by every nation and country. Thus, it is a compulsion and needs no justification.

The real distinction of Islam lies in its enjoining Muslims to wage war for upholding the truth beside fighting for their own defense.

The domination of Kufr, Shirk and falsehood is darkness, heresy and tyranny, and the objective of Islam is to purge the world of all these evils.

It aims at liberating man from the worship of man, set them on the path of worship of Allah, and to provide a just and equitable society to mankind.

Wherever in the world there is tyranny, ignorance and heresy, Muslims are bound to fight such evils and finish them by means of Jihad.

There is also a third form of Jihad which is waged against countries where Muslims are victims of aggression, suppression and cruelties of the non-Muslims. It is incumbent upon Muslims to liberate their brethren in Faith from the clutches of the non-Muslims by means of Jihad.

“So long Muslims performed this obligation with a sense of duty, Islam and its followers were dominant in the world and ever since they have ignored this obligation, both are in subjugation and disgrace. In other words, the secret of power and stability of Muslims lies in Jihad. Muslims need to understand this secret like their ancestors.

“2. Life and property of every person is secured after his joining the fold of Islam. He will, however, be subject to the law of Islam, one of which is payment of Zakat. If he murders any Muslim, he will also be killed in return, unless the heirs of the victim pardon the murderer or accept blood-money (Diyah) for it.

“3. When a person embraces Islam, the laws of Shari`ah apply to him according to his apparent condition only. His heart will not be probed for this purpose. In case, he is not sincere or he has some design in joining the fold of Islam, no action will be taken against him until guilt is fully proved. What he has in his heart will be left to Allah Who will pass judgement on his intention on the Day of Resurrection. This Hadith is related to this chapter for its third point. In their debate on this point, some

`Ulama’ have contended that such people who believe in Tauhid and obey the injunctions of Shari`ah are not to be declared as infidels.

“[Hadith]: 1209. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “I have been commanded to fight people till they testify `La ilaha illallah’ (there is no true god except Allah) that Muhammad (PBUH) is his slave and Messenger, and they establish Salat, and pay Zakat; and if they do this, their blood (life) and property are secured except when justified by law, and it is for Allah to call them to account.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: “Except when justified by law” means that after the acceptance of Islam, if someone commits a crime which is punishable by Hadd this will be certainly imposed on him, or her, i.e., cutting of hand in case of theft, one hundred stripes or stoning to death in case of fornication, capital punishment in retaliation for murdering an innocent person. In this Hadith the words “it is for Allah to call them to account” means that if they are not sincere in the acceptance of Islam and would put up an appearance of Islam like hypocrites, or would commit a crime which is liable for Hadd but is somehow not detected by the Islamic court or authorities concerned, they will be taken to account for it by Allah, that is Allah will decide about them on the Day of Judgement.

“It is evident from this Hadith that so long as Kufr [disbelief] is present in this world, it is necessary to wage Jihad against it to finish it off, and so long as all the disbelievers do not openly accept Islam and adopt the Islamic way of life, Muslims are duty- bound to make Jihad against them.

“[Hadith]: 1352. Abu Hurairah and Jabir (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, “War is deception.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: “Khad`ah” means deception, i.e., employing a strategy which causes misunderstanding to the enemy, and one’s real intent does not become evident to them. This is permissible in Islam in the state of war.

“The hadith mentioned in this chapter make the importance of Jihad and the reason for so much stress on it abundantly clear. These also show how great a crime it is to ignore it. It is very unfortunate indeed that present-day Muslims are guilty of renouncing Jihad in every part of the world. May Allah help us to overcome this negligence.”

Publications in Canada that seem to promote hatred towards non-Muslims

In our last article, we spoke about inflammatory information being offered on the Islamic Circle of North America (ICNA) (Canada) website. We will expand on that in this article.

Ontario NDP Leader Andrea Horwath has recently called on the the provincial  government to create an anti-racism secretariat to deal with the expressions of racism and systemic discrimination in the Canadian society. Toronto Star reported that her message was delivered in a news conference with a Muslim activist who said she is now “wary given rising anti-Islam sentiment”.

Jennifer Beaudry, spokeswoman of Ontario provincial government, said to The Star that “We do not tolerate racism or marginalization of any kind.”

MP Iqra Khalid brought forward the motion M103 to combat Islamophobia among other things concerning discrimination. The 2018 budget in Ottawa has made provisions concerning recommendations brought forward by a committee formed to study Ms. Khalid’s motion.

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The Trudeau federal government  portrays the Muslim community as an increasingly  major victim of hate speech and racism, but ignores the increasing number of possible hate speech incidents by members and entities of the Muslim community.

 

ICNA

ic

Photo: screenshot ICNA Canada official website

Supplication on ICNA Canada syllabus: give us victory over the disbelieving people

ICNA (Islamic Circle of North America) Canada is an Islamic national-wide organization striving “to build an Exemplary Canadian Muslim Community” by “total submission to Him [Allah] and through the propagation of true and universal message of Islam.”

 

On its official website ICNA Canada shares with its members, followers and supporters a Syllabus  that provides selected verses of the Quran and hadiths (traditions containing sayings of Mohammad the prophet of Islam that constitute the major source of guidance).

One particular syllabus contains the following supplication in both Arabic and English:

“Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error, our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us (Jews and Christians); our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Maulâ (Patron, Supporter and Protector, etc.) and give us victory over the disbelieving people.”

A set of instructions are accompanied to the supplication as follows:

“Instructions:

“1. Memorization should include both Arabic script as well as English

translation.

“2. Study should include in‐depth understanding from other Ayats, Ahadith and

other literature. ICNA‐Chapter can help in this by having dedicated study

circles on these lines.

“3. Study should include all aspects; including knowledge, understanding and

practice in real life.

“4. We all should share these topics among our families as well.”

 

ISLAMIC BOOTH, TORONTO

Not only can instructions such as these be found on-line, but similar books are distributed at the Islamic booth, Dundas Square, Toronto.

Free Islamic book at Dundas Square: “give us victory over the disbelieving people”

Dawah activists at Dundas Square have handed out for free the booklet “24 Hours With The Prophet,” which introduces the daily prayers for Muslims.

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The book’s publisher is the Pakistani Islamic Communication Trust and it was distributed by the Walk-In Islamic InfoCenter located at 21 Dundas Square #910 (www.collectfreequran.org).

In some of the supplications dealing with the “Kafiroun,” the disbelievers or infidels, Muslims are ordained to ask to Allah to help them overcome and defeat their enemies who are identified as the disbelieving people.

The book also explains that “Islam is not only a religion, but a complete way of life” and that it is obligatory upon Muslim to spread Islam by inviting the disbelievers to embrace in Islam.

The following are excerpts from the book:

  1. 71-73

The Witr (Night Prayer)

“… O Allah, we seek your help and request Your forgiveness and believe and trust in You and we praise You in the best manner and we thank You and we are not ungrateful to You, we also abandon and reject anyone who disobeys You.

“O Allah, we worship nothing but You, and we perform prayers for You, we Prostrate to You, and we hope for Your mercy and we fear Your punishment. Your punishment. Your punishment surely overtakes the disbelievers.”

  1. 120-121

“For Patience and endurance

Our Lord! Bestow on us patience, make our foothold, and give us help against the disbelieving folk.” [2:250]

“The most comprehensive Supplication

“…Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget, or fall into error. Our Lord! Lay no us a burden like that which You laid on those before us. Our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Protector, and give us victory over the disbelieving people.” [2:286]

“The Prophet PBUH said: “Whoever recites the two verses [2:285:286] at night, it will sufficient to protect him from misfortune.” (Bukhari)

  1. 122

To overcome enemies

“Our Lord! Forgive us our sins and our transgressions, establish our feet firmly, and give us victory over the disbelieving people.” [3:147]

  1. 124

Protection from oppressors

“…Our Lord! Make us not a trial for the people who are Zalimun (polytheists and wrongdoers) (i.e. do not make them overpower us). And save us by Your Mercy from the disbelievers.” [10:85:86]

  1. 133

Protection from the enemies

“O Allah, we beg You to restrain them by their necks and we seek refuge in You from their evil.” (Abu Dawood)

Islamic Circle of North America (Canada) online course study on sharia punishments

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ICNA (Islamic Circle of North America) Canada is an Islamic nation wide organization striving “to build an Exemplary Canadian Muslim Community” by “total submission to Him [Allah] and through the propagation of true and universal message of Islam.”

Located at 391 Burnhamthorpe Rd., East, Oakville, Ontario, ICNA Canada emphasizes that “the propagation of true and universal message of Islam is only possible in Canada when the whole Canadian Muslim Community is transformed into a Dawah community by practicing and propagating the true Islamic Way of Life. With the vision of building an exemplary Canadian Muslim community it is very important to spread the word of Islam…”

Dr. Iqbal Massod Al-Nadvi is the Amir (President/chairman) of Islamic Circle of North America (ICNA) Canada and is also serving as Chairperson of Canadian Council of Imams. he also served as Director of Al-Falah Islamic School in Oakville, Ontario from 2004 to 2011, prior to which he served as Imam of Muslim Association of Calgary Islamic Center from 1998-2004 and as a member of the University of Calgary chaplaincy team.

The Gardens of the Righteous (Arabic: Riyadh as-Salihin), is a compilation of verses from the Qur’an and hadith by Al-Nawawi. It contains a total of 1905 hadith divided across 372 chapters, many of which are introduced by verses of the Quran.

This book appears on ICNA Canada site adds modern commentary to the verses from the Qur’an and hadith.

The following are excerpts from the book which deal with the fixed punishments in Islam including the stoning of adulterers, chopping off thieves’ hands and whipping for the offence of drinking alcohol. In these excerpts, you will see the term ‘Hadd’. This is an Islamic term referring to punishments which under Islamic law (shariah) are mandated and fixed by God.

“[Hadith]: 1209. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “I have been commanded to fight people till they testify `La ilaha illallah’ (there is no true god except Allah) that Muhammad (PBUH) is his slave and Messenger, and they establish Salat, and pay Zakat; and if they do this, their blood (life) and property are secured except when justified by law, and it is for Allah to call them to account.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].”

Commentary: “Except when justified by law” means that after the acceptance of Islam, if someone commits a crime which is punishable by Hadd this will be certainly imposed on him, or her, i.e., cutting of hand in case of theft, one hundred stripes or stoning to death in case of fornication, capital punishment in retaliation for murdering an innocent person.”

“In this Hadith the words “it is for Allah to call them to account” means that if they are not sincere in the acceptance of Islam and would put up an appearance of Islam like hypocrites, or would commit a crime which is liable for Hadd but is somehow not detected by the Islamic court or authorities concerned, they will be taken to account for it by Allah, that is Allah will decide about them on the Day of Judgement. It is evident from this Hadith that so long as Kufr [heresy] is present in this world, it is necessary to wage Jihad against it to finish it off, and so long as all the disbelievers do not openly accept Islam and adopt the Islamic way of life, Muslims are duty- bound to make Jihad against them.”

“[Hadith]: 1628. `Uqbah bin `Amir (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Avoid (entering a place) in which are women (uncovered or simply to mix with them in seclusion).” A man from the Ansar said, “Tell me about the brother of a woman’s husband.” He replied, “The brother of a woman’s husband is death.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].”

Commentary: This Hadith tells us an extremely important point in respect of the veil about which the majority of Muslims are unaware or negligent. The point that it tells us that a woman must observe the veil from the real brothers, cousins etc., of her husband because their visits in her home are very frequent and there may occur several occasions when they come across each other alone. For this reason, there are greater chances of mischief with them. This explains why the husband’s male relatives have been regarded as “death”, that is from the religious point of view they are fatal. In other words, if they commit the mischief, it will prove fatal because in an Islamic state this crime is punishable by Rajm (stoning to death). This can also be fatal in another way. If the husband begins to suspect that his wife has illicit relations with someone else, he might kill her or divorce her out of his sense of honour. Even in case of divorce, her life will become desolate. Another meaning of it can be that one should be as much afraid of meeting such women in seclusion with whom any kind of contact is not permissible as one is afraid of death.”

“When a woman is required to observe the veil from the real brothers of her husband, why would it not be essential to observe the veil from the husband’s friends. Slackness in this matter is also very common nowadays. Although the dangerous consequences of this fashion come to our notice everyday through newspapers, people do not learn any lesson from them, and the fashion of non-observance of the veil is spreading fast like an epidemic. May Allah save us from this evil!”

“[Hadith]: 1770. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Quraish were anxious about a woman from Banu Makhzum who had committed theft and asked : “Who will speak to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) about her?” Then they said: “No one will be bold enough to do so except Usamah bin Zaid, the (Companion who was) dearly loved by the Messenger of Allah (PBUH).” So Usamah (May Allah be pleased with him) spoke to him and the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) (angrily) said, “Are you interceding regarding one of the punishments prescribed by Allah?” He then got up and delivered an address in which he said, “Indeed what destroyed the people before you was just that when a person of high rank among them committed a theft, they spared him; but if the same crime was done by a poor person they inflicted the prescribed punishment on him. I swear by Allah that if Fatimah daughter of Muhammad should steal, I would have her hand cut off.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].”

“In another narration `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: (Upon hearing the intercession of Usamah), the face of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) changed color (because of anger) and he said, “Do you dare to intercede in matters prescribed by Allah?” Usamah pleaded: “O Messenger of Allah! Pray for my forgiveness.” `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) added: Thereafter the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) gave orders to have that woman’s hand cut off.”

Commentary:

  1. Hadd is the punishment fixed by Shari`ah and which no one has the authority to increase or decrease. For instance, theft is punishable by the cutting of the hand; the punishment of adultery is a hundred stripes or Rajm (stoning to death); the punishment of drinking of intoxicants is forty stripes etc.
  2. Nobody has the right to intercede or make any recommendation in this matter.
  3. There is no distinction of male or female in the matter of these punishments (Hudud). Whoever commits a crime which is punishable by Hadd, whether that person is male or female, will be liable for punishment prescribed under Hadd – the punishment, the limits of which have been defined in the Qur’an and Hadith.
  4. No one is exempted from Hadd, no matter how great he is, because there is no distinction of great or small in the matter of Hadd.
  5. We must learn a lesson from the history of past nations so that we can save ourselves from such misdeeds which caused their ruin.
  6. This Hadith brings into prominence the distinction and eminence of Usamah and his position in the eyes of the Prophet (PBUH).”

“[Hadith]: 242. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, “When a slave-girl commits fornication and this fact of fornication has become evident, she must be given the penalty of (fifty) lashes without hurling reproaches at her; if she does it again, she must be given the penalty but she should not be rebuked. If she does it for the third time, he should sell her, even for a rope woven from hair (i.e., something worthless)”. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].”

CommentaryIf a slave-girl is guilty of fornication, she is liable to a punishment of fifty stripes, and this punishment can be given by her master. This Hadith is, in fact addressed to the master of such a slave-girl. The order that one should not censure and reproach her is perhaps based on the consideration that she may abstain from such a sin in future because politeness often proves more effective than reproach. If politeness proves ineffective and she commits that sin again then that slave-girl should be sold for cheap.”

“[Hadith]: 243. Abu Hurairah (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: A man who had drunk wine was brought to the Prophet (PBUH) and he asked us to beat him; some struck him with their hands, some with their garments (making a whip) and some with their sandals. When he (the drunkard) had gone, some of the people said: “May Allah disgrace you!” He (the Prophet (PBUH)) said, “Do not say so. Do not help the devil against him”. [Al-Bukhari].”

Commentary: To imprecate a Muslim virtually amounts to helping Satan against him, because the latter is avowed to mislead people and to expose man to humiliation in this world and the Hereafter. Such people who believe that no Hadd punishment is fixed for drinking take support from this Hadith. They hold that its punishment is discretionary which can be increased or decreased according to the circumstances. But other learned men who hold that its Hadd is forty stripes argue that the incident quoted in this Hadith relates to the period when its Hadd had not been fixed.”

“When the Prophet (PBUH) ordered the punishment of forty stripes for it then it became its prescribed Hadd. Abu Bakr (May Allah bepleased with him) followed it during the period of his caliphate. `Umar (May Allah bepleased with him) also applied it in the early years of his caliphate but subsequently raised its punishment to eighty stripes.”

“The `Ulama’ [scholars] who maintain the punishment of forty stripes contend that the original Hadd was forty stripes and the additional forty stripes comprised discretionary punishment for which the Head of a state has full authority. If he feels, he can add discretionary punishment to the Hadd. The nature of this additional punishment depends on his discretion. The latter opinion seems to be more correct that Hadd is fixed for drinking and its punishment is not based on discretion. The Hadd for it is forty stripes but this Hadd can be increased by adding discretionary punishment to it. Allah knows best.”

Canadian Imam’s view on what constitutes apostasy in Islam

ahmed kandil

Sheikh Ahmed Abdul Kader Kandil (أحمد عبد القادر قنديل) serves  as the imam of al-Jisr Mosque in Laval, Quebec since 2007, and he is a member of Conseil des imams du Québec (Council of Imams Quebec).

Of Egyptian descent, Kandil was  an imam of several mosques in Cairo and Alexandria from 1990-96 and worked for 8 years as an Imam, preacher and teacher for the Egyptian Ministry of Endowment. In Canada, Kandil worked as a teacher of Arabic language and Koran in private schools in Edmonton and Montreal and was  the imam of Al-Rashid Mosque in Edmonton for two years before moving to Laval, Quebec.

The following are excerpts of Kandil’s sermon that was titled “The Types of Apostasy”  The sermon was given on May 12, 2013 at Alrawdah Mosque in Montreal (translated from Arabic):

“The apostasy and the meaning of apostasy… [i.e.] a man uttered the two testimonies. He said I bear witness that there is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, and he was pleased with the Sharia [Law] of Islam and was pleased with the constitution of Islam… whether he was born as a Muslim or became Muslim after being an infidel, and then removed this [Islamic faith] from his mind, [meaning] he removed from his mind the bond which he tied to his soul by disowning the religion as a whole or by disowning part of it or information regarding the religion that must be known [to Muslims]… meaning that you as a Muslim are being held as a person who knows this religion, i.e. that the prayer is a religious duty, that fornication is forbidden and is regarded in the religion of Allah a major sin, that theft is a major sin, that drinking wine is a major sin… you left the religion of Allah… meaning that a person who commits one of these deeds… turns apostate

The ruling on apostasy… the apostate must come to the [Muslim] judge or to the Imam of the Muslims… meaning the emir or the head [of the state] or the ruler… the meaning of the Imam in this context is that he [the apostate] should be brought to the emir or the head of the state or the judge who is in charge of Sharia [Islamic Law] affairs in the Islamic country…

There are two types of apostates… one of them is a person who committed apostasy… and uttered it [the act of apostasy]. We heard him [saying] ‘I’m apostate, I don’t believe in this prayer… I don’t like Islam, I left Islam and turned for example a Christian… He left Islam for another religion or disowned information about Islam that should have been known to all Muslims, but his actions were done on the personal level, he stayed in his home and did not went to fight against Islam or the Muslims or joined a group that fights against the Islamic State or he did not come out and spread his beliefs among the people and launched a website and spread atheism in the country etc…

The second type is a person who committed apostasy, but he did not stop there and joined a vile group in fighting Islam and spread atheism and provoked suspicions [about the Islamic faith] and tried to spread the corruption among the people.

“Each one has a different ruling. Jurists’ opinions were divided on the first case. Most of the jurists agreed that he will be asked for three days to repent. He will be given a period of three days for repentance [and during this time] the scholars will sit with him, pose arguments against him, remove his confusion, answer his doubts and try to convince him. If after the third day he still adheres to his position he will be killed. This is the opinion of the mainstream jurists. Abu Hanifa [founder of a school of Islamic jurisprudence] said that if [the apostate] is a male he will be killed… a woman will not be killed… she will be jailed until death… According the Shafi’i and Maliki [schools of Islamic jurisprudence]… the apostate, male or female, who did not join a group and did not fight [against Islam] will never be killed… he [or she] will be asked to repent and then will be incarcerated till he changes his mind or dies in jail…

“The second case deals with a person who fights against Allah and His messenger and joined a vile group. His verdict will not be a regular execution. His verdict will be identical to the punishment for banditry. ‘Indeed, the penalty for those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger and strive upon earth [to cause] corruption is none but that they be killed or crucified or that their hands and feet be cut off from opposite sides.’ [Quran 5:33]. This is the difference between them. The first will be asked to repent and the second will be killed immediately without repentance or asking him to repent…

Beheading Apostates in Islam

The third type… there are people called the Westernised Muslims. Did you hear about them? Who are the Westernised Muslims?… There are people called orientalists. The orientalists are European, American and other scholars who came to our countries, learned the Arabic language and the culture of the Arab and the Muslim society and started trying to find doubts in the [truthiness of] the religion of Allah, Blessed and Exalted be He, in order to use them to destroy Islam. Unfortunately, some of them are our kin… our respected secular brothers… they traveled to their [orientalists] countries and learned from them or mingled with them in our countries and started repeating these words of folly uttered and made by the orientalists, for example that Islam oppresses the woman…

They started spreading these suspicions and sedition saying that Islam treats harshly women and that Islam is a rigid religion. [They say:] ‘why the hand of the thief is chopped off? And why the person who commits fornication is stoned to death… and why a person who drinks wine is flogged 80 times? This is a rigid religion. This is cruelty. Is this Islam? Is this the Sharia [Islamic law]? Is this tolerance?’

“By doing so and by these words they addressing Allah directly and accusing Him , Glorified be He, of injustice. They say: ‘Our Lord, you are unjust…’ The Westernized Muslims repeated these statements and this is one of the facets of apostasy, because they accused Allah, Glorified and Exalted be He, of injustice

Another aspect of apostasy is the alliance with the infidels… ‘O you who have believed, do not take the Jews and the Christians as allies.’ [Quran 5:51]. This is a very important issue… the meaning of the alliance is support, you support him [the infidel] against the believers, subordination, you act in self-deprecation, submit to him or make him judge in issues commanded by Allah, and then love, which makes you love him more than the believers or give him precedence over the believers… and humiliation by belittling yourself in front of him and surrendering to him on the expense of your religion. All of this is alliance, meaning that you are helping an infidel against a Muslim, that you give precedence to an infidel over a Muslim in a matter… that adds strength to the heresy and weaken the power of Islam.”